Judgment of UE Court of 22 February 2018. Jessica Porras Guisado - Bankia SA and Others
The Council Directive 92/85/EEC of 19 October 1992, approved measures to encourage improvements in the safety and health at work of pregnant workers and workers who have recently given birth or are breastfeeding.
According to such Directive 92/85 it is possible for an employer to dismiss a pregnant worker in the context of a collective redundancy without giving any grounds other than those justifying the collective dismissal, provided that the objective criteria chosen to identify the workers to be made redundant are cited.
Spain. Concept of 'stand by times' during the ‘working time’
Judgment of UE Court of 21 February 2018
According to the Directive 2003/88, the stand-by time which a worker spends at home with the duty to respond to calls from his employer within 8 minutes, very significantly restricting the opportunities for other activities, must be regarded as ‘working time’.